Pro Forma Financial Statements Definition

Pro Forma Financial Statements

Unrealistic assumptions will lead to inaccurate and unreliable pro forma statements. A pro forma balance sheet typically has all the components of an actual balance sheet, the major difference is that some or all of the financial reports have been forecasted based on expected events. For this reason, some people interchange the terms ‘pro forma balance sheet’ and ‘balance sheet forecast’. A pro forma balance sheet will show the forecasted assets, liabilities, and equity position of a business or organization at any period in view.

  • When you make a pro forma income statement, make sure you are as detailed as possible throughout the process.
  • A financial forecast may be used in lieu of pro forma financial statements.
  • Pro forma earnings per share are calculated by dividing a firm’s net income by its weighted shares outstanding, plus any new shares issued due to an acquisition.
  • Additionally, some businesses use pro forma statements to show investors how profitable and viable their operations will be in future years.
  • This information is crucial in making informed decisions about events or transactions that could have a significant impact on the company.
  • These assumptions can be off by a little or a lot, but the bottom line is their outcomes should not be weighed too heavily in decision-making without other indicators to back up the assumption.

The number of shares to be added to the denominator for purposes of pro forma per share data should not exceed the total number of shares to be issued in the offering. Add back depreciation to capital expenditure, which is arrived at on the cash flow statement. Pro forma income statement allows startups to create a hypothetical projection of your income and expenses. Sally’s business is only a few years old, and she projects a small profit of $10,000 for the year.

Example Pro Forma Balance Sheet

Those who interpret Pro Forma Financial Statements should be cautious in depending on the statements to make financial decisions for they are only going to happen should all the assumptions made by the company hold true. EBITDA, or earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization, is a measure of a company’s overall financial performance. Pro forma financials may not be GAAP compliant but can be issued to the public to highlight certain items for potential investors.

The historical condensed financial statements are derived from the historical financial statements of X Company, which were audited by us, and of Y Company, which were reviewed by other accountants, appearing elsewhere herein . Fn 5 The practitioner’s audit or review report should be included in the document containing the pro forma financial information. A review is substantially less in scope than an examination, the objective of which is the expression of an opinion on management’s assumptions, the pro forma adjustments and the application of those adjustments to historical financial information. This objective is achieved primarily by applying pro forma adjustments to historical financial information. Pro forma adjustments should be based on management’s assumptions and give effect to all significant effects directly attributable to the transaction . Use the templates found here to create your own cash flow statement forecast. Change the dates and time periods to reflect the projection you need to create.

The auditor must report if they are not independent, and the effect that relationship has on their reporting. If any fraud, material errors, or illegal activities are discovered, they may notify management, but are not required to do so if they are not relevant or if the management has already communicated their awareness. Recalculate the federal taxes of the predecessor business as though it were a corporation. Show the financial picture of a company sans a specific program or department may be floundering. Make decisions about marketing, production, research, development, and projects. Smartsheet platform Learn how the Smartsheet platform for dynamic work offers a robust set of capabilities to empower everyone to manage projects, automate workflows, and rapidly build solutions at scale. Project management Plan projects, automate workflows, and align teams.

Pro Forma Financial Statements

It’s considered a snapshot in time since it’s not a consolidation report of weeks, months, or quarters. To start creating a pro forma statement, begin with an income statement from the current year. The sample pro forma statements below may look different from the statements you create, depending on what your template looks like. But generally, these are the steps you need to take to create them—and the info your pro forma statements should include. Calculate the estimated revenue projections for your business, a process called pro forma forecasting. Use realistic market assumptions and not just numbers that make you or your investors feel optimistic. Do your research and speak with experts and accountants to determine what a normal annual revenue stream is, as well as asset accumulation assumptions.

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If you want to plan for upcoming economic changes, you need pro forma financial statements to predict future income, identify and control risks, and secure funding for your business. It may be useful to create a different set of pro forma financial statements that reflect best-case and worst-case scenarios for a business, so that managers can see the financial impact of different decisions and the extent to which they can mitigate those risks. Pro forma financials are not computed using standardgenerally accepted accounting principles and usually leave out one-time expenses that are not part of normal company operations, such as restructuring costs following amerger. Essentially, a pro forma financial statement can exclude anything a company believes obscures the accuracy of its financial outlook and can be a useful piece of information to help assess a company’s future prospects.

Pro Forma Financial Statements

Sally learns from this statement that she projects $185,000 in current assets and $150,000 in liabilities, which gives her $35,000 in owner’s equity. Centerfield will carry a $100,000 bank loan, and Sally’s $10,000 in net income is posted to retained earnings in the balance sheet. For example, sales might be presented as 15% higher , 5% higher , 20% lower . If material costs increase sharply, or there is a shortage of labor, the cost of sales will increase. The answers to these questions will assist Jack in completing a pro-forma balance sheet.

Other Types Of Pro Forma Statements

Examples of startup expenses include, enrollment fees, medical equipment, legal and accounting fees, marketing, supplies and insurance. Since there are no set rules while making such a pro forma, companies tend to manipulate their financial earnings. Companies can exclude anything it believes that conceals their true financial performance. Pro forma profit and loss statements can also be used to calculate the financial ratios.

Pro Forma Financial Statements

For instance, “They can help you identify redundancies, and any new addition that needs to be made,” said Taylor. For example, through pro forma statements, you can identify that you may not need two accounting departments and two HR functions in a merger. The statements can also help you predict the economic changes that will come with the merger and how to ensure your business is ready for those. For example, the company might merge with or purchase another business, and the outcome could affect both cash flow and profits. Alternatively, the organization might need to make a major equipment purchase, and it’s important to know the financial impact of that transaction. Through the projected financials, companies are able to analyze risk, make projections of the results of the current accounting period, and also foresee investment opportunities.

Creating Pro Forma Financial Statements

For discontinued operations (ASC ) that are not yet reflected in the annual historical statements. Pro forma presentation may be necessary to reflect operations and financial position of the registrant as a stand-alone entity. Management’s assumptions do not provide a reasonable basis for presenting the significant effects directly attributable to the underlying transaction . Management’s assumptions provide a reasonable basis for presenting the significant effects directly attributable to the underlying transaction . I’d advise Russel to hire a part-time assistant to reduce the risk of sinking nearly $60,000 into a new position when he’s not sure he’ll see the increased revenue he’s expecting. He can always offer the person a full-time job after his projection actualizes. The Smartsheet platform makes it easy to plan, capture, manage, and report on work from anywhere, helping your team be more effective and get more done.

However, under GAAP financial statements, amortization and depreciation are considered expenses because there is a loss in the value of the assets. These statements perform an analysis of the financials of the Company, considering the best case and worst-case scenarios so that the financial managers have a better outlook on how various decisions can impact the Company’s financial health. One of the major drawbacks is that it is just a mere projection, the future of which is uncertain. If the assumptions are inaccurate, it may lead to inaccurate planning and execution. Past data may not always help to paint the correct picture in a dynamic and ever-changing business environment. Pro forma income statement is an effective way to get ready for unforeseeable business hurdles, increased taxes, growth plans, and acquisitions.

Pro Forma Financial Statement Example

Businesses create annual budgets that fall in line with a company’s profitability and production goals. The cash balance is usually calculated using a model and policy decisions. A compilation is different from a review or audit of pro forma information. Consider making pro forma provision for taxes that would have been paid if the company was a corporation in the past. Add the partner capital balance to the contributed capital instead of to retained earnings through pooling of interests. Show a more accurate picture of the company’s finance, as compared to GAAP or IFRS accounting frameworks. Identify the company assumptions about their financial and operating characteristics.

  • For this reason, some people interchange the terms ‘pro forma balance sheet’ and ‘balance sheet forecast’.
  • According to Johnson, this is useful when you’re seeking outside capital to grow.
  • This is especially important for the health of new businesses, as maintaining sufficient cash on hand to handle liabilities can be tough while the business attempts to generate sustainable revenue.
  • Continuing with the above example, where a company takes on huge levels of debt to fund an expansion project, the pro forma balance sheet position will show that the company has become significantly over-leveraged.
  • Although use of current or committed interest rates is appropriate in most cases, careful consideration should be given to the facts and circumstances specific to each presentation to determine whether the interest rate used is reasonable.
  • It shows the business’s adjusted income if you never had any expenses related to cat widgets in the first place.

However, if she loses in Vegas, she will have to secure more debt to cover her losses. Assuming she borrows as much as she loses, she will have a small negative net cash flow and no free cash flow, and her other assets will have to make up for this loss of cash value.

A company’s financial statements are more than just numbers – they tell a story. Bench gives you a dedicated bookkeeper supported by a team of knowledgeable small business experts. We’re here to take the guesswork out of running your own business—for good. Your bookkeeping team imports bank statements, categorizes transactions, and prepares financial statements every month. It’s illegal for publicly traded companies to mislead investors with pro forma financial results that do not use the most conservative possible estimates of revenue and expense. Alicia Tuovila is a certified public accountant with 7+ years of experience in financial accounting, with expertise in budget preparation, month and year-end closing, financial statement preparation and review, and financial analysis.

They are used by entrepreneurs, investors, accountants, business managers, and other financial decision makers. In this way, all of the accounts of the proforma balance sheet can be estimated with the exception of cash, which becomes the final and forced or balancing entry. Forecasts should include the same degree of detail as that required in pro forma data and should clearly set forth any assumptions used.

If a pro forma statement of comprehensive income is presented, management should limit it to information that is reliably determinable and not include forward-looking information within the pro forma statement of comprehensive income. Management also should disclose how the pro forma statement of comprehensive income is not indicative of operations going forward because it necessarily excludes various operating expenses. If factually supportable, certain adjustments may demonstrate the effects of the changes in operations that may have affected historical revenues or operating expenses had they been implemented at the beginning of the historical period. [Instruction 4 to S-X Article 11] See Section 2065 for guidance about form and content of carve out financial statements. The limitations of the pro forma information should be explained clearly.

Still, pro forma financials are not regulated to the same extent as historical financial statements. This projection looks backward at another company’s financial statements. For the same period, it also looks at the business they are acquiring. Using this combination, the projections shows how they would have done together. Use this free template to create your own historical with acquisition pro forma documents. This is one of the most common pro forma financial statements prepared by management. It assists management, investor and creditors in analyzing the impact certain economic conditions, business decisions, deals, merger or acquisitions and other events have on the profitability of a company.

Bob will prepare his pro forma financial statements to determine the impact of this decision on the profitability, financial position and cash flow position of his business. He will make certain assumptions, estimations and projections under likely, best and worst-case scenarios and see if he should go for the option of taking more debt onto the company. Sometimes companies need an insightful way to analyze hypothetical scenarios.

Creating Reliable Pro Forma Financial Statements

Pacific Crest Group provides vital services to progressive, forward-thinking business owners to create successful strategies for growth and efficiency in their organizations. But enough with what a “pro forma” is, you care about how to quickly create a Pro Forma Income and Financial Statement. Through the Cash Flow Statement, the business will be able to project the amount of cash outflow for the payments towards financing, and inflows from the increase in sales brought about by the addition of a piece of machinery. Financial analysis helps with the projection of future results, helping decision-makers be well guided to proceed to a certain course of action. Pro Forma Financial Statements prove to be most useful when it comes to making important financial decisions and strategic planning. Adjusted EBITDA is a measure computed for a company that takes its earnings and adds back interest expenses, taxes, and depreciation charges, plus other adjustments to the metric.